Asia

September 9, 2022

A weekly review of key news and analysis of elections in Asia and the Indo-Pacific, usually posted on Fridays and occasionally updated throughout the week.

Eretoka Island, Vanuatu. Photo credit: Wikimedia/Phillip Capper (CC BY 2.0)

Upcoming Asia/Pacific Elections

Japan, Gubernatorial Election in Okinawa: September 11, 2022

Jiji (September 9, 2022): Okinawa governor race lacks steam as U.S. base issue fades

Gearoid Reidy, Bloomberg (September 6, 2022): Japan’s Play-It-Safe Prime Minister Is Living Dangerously

Vanuatu Snap Elections: October 13, 2022

Vanuatu is holding snap elections on October 13, 2022 – two years early.

ABC News Australia (September 9, 2022): Vanuatu to have snap election after opposition’s Supreme Court challenge dismissed

Nepal General and Provincial Elections: November 20, 2022

Anil Giri, Kathmandu Post (September 9, 2022): Many sides to Nepal visit of China’s top legislator: The Chinese appear interested in strengthening ties with Nepali MPs following the passage of the MCC compact.

Rishi Gupta, National Interest (September 4, 2022): Can China Make Inroads With Nepal Again? Securing Tibet’s loose ends in Nepal is increasingly complicated for China.

Taiwan Local Elections: November 26, 2022

Hsia Hsiao-hwa and Chen Meihua, Radio Free Asia (September 6, 2022): Candidates in Taiwan’s local elections could pledge to defend the democratic island: Calls grow for would-be municipal, regional and village councilors to sign a pledge of ‘no surrender’ to China.

Fiji General Elections: November 2022 (due)

Sadhana Sen and Stephen Howes, The Guardian (September 5, 2022): Coup leader v coup leader: strongman election shows cracks in Fiji’s democracy

India, State Elections in Himachal Pradesh: November 2022 (due)

Voice of America (September 9, 2022): India’s Congress Party Leader, Rahul Gandhi, Leads Long March to Revive Support

Bibhudatta Pradhan, Bloomberg (September 7, 2022): Congress Party to March For Months, Battling Modi’s Popularity

Thailand General Elections: By March 23, 2023 (earlier elections possible)

Ken Mathis Lohatepanont, Allen Hicken and Joel Selway, Washington Post (September 9, 2022): Has time run out for Thailand’s prime minister? Prayuth helped engineer a new constitution. Its term limits now complicate his political future.

Patpicha Tanakasempipat, Bloomberg (September 6, 2022): Thai Parliament Rejects Bid to Strip Senate of Powers to Pick PM

Malaysia General Elections and State Elections: May 2023 (due – general elections likely to be called earlier)

William Case, East Asia Forum (September 7, 2022): Malaysia’s institutional uncertainty

Sebastian Strangio, The Diplomat (September 6, 2022): Imprisoned Former Malaysian PM Files Request for Royal Pardon: Najib Razak’s campaign for a royal pardon will provide a compelling political B-plot in the run-up to the country’s next general election.

Straits Times (September 4, 2022): Eyeing PM post by 2050, Malaysia’s PAS to focus on bagging 40 seats in general election

Bangladesh Parliamentary Elections: December 2023 (due)

Tahmina Rahman, Carnegie Endowment (September 6, 2022): From Revolutionaries to Visionless Parties: Leftist Politics in Bangladesh

Solomon Islands General Elections: April 2024 (delayed)

Michael E. Miller, Washington Post (September 8, 2022): Solomon Islands’ pro-China leader wins bid to delay elections

Patricia O’Brien, The Diplomat (September 8, 2022): The Domestic Politics of Sogavare’s China-Solomons Tryst: The prime minister’s latest moves clarify his ultimate objective: augmenting and retaining power, which also stands to benefit Beijing.

Brian Harding and Camilla Pohle-Anderson, United States Institute of Peace (September 7, 2022): Solomon Islands: Election Delay Would Threaten Peace and Democracy: Prime Minister Sogavare may crack down on protests — with China’s help.

Ben Westcott, Bloomberg (September 6, 2022): Solomons Accuses Australia of Influencing MPs Over Elections

DW (September 6, 2022): Solomon Islands rejects Australian offer to pay for election

Past Asia/Pacific Elections

Papua New Guinea General Elections: July 4-22, 2022

Patrick Kaiku, Trisha Yangawi, Bernard Yegiora, Lowy Institute (September 8, 2022): The missing foreign policy debate in PNG’s 2022 elections

Ronald May, East Asia Forum (September 7, 2022): Marape returns for another term

Mongolia Presidential Election: June 9, 2021

Mongolia, a free though imperfect democracy, held its presidential election on June 9, 2021, following parliamentary elections in June 2020 and local elections in October 2020. Former PM Ukhnaa Khurelsukh won in a landslide, further consolidating the power of the Mongolian People’s Party (which was the ruling party during the communist era). MPP also has a majority in the legislature.

It was a nasty campaign in a polarized environment. Incumbent Khaltmaagiin Battulga from the center-right Democratic Party was not able to seek another term following a controversial rule change pushed by MPP. Now that MPP has both the presidency and the legislature, there are concerns about democratic backsliding.

Amar Adiya, The Diplomat (September 7, 2022): Mongolia Unveils New Pro-Business Cabinet: The quick Cabinet reshuffle is intended to strengthen PM Oyun-Erdene’s position and give him legislative support to push his liberalization and privatization agenda forward.

Regional Analysis

Joshua Kurlantzick, Council on Foreign Relations (September 9, 2022): Why Democracy in Southeast Asia Will Worsen in 2023

Asia/Pacific Elections Coming Up in 2022 and 2023

Japan, Gubernatorial Election in Okinawa: September 11, 2022

Nauru Parliamentary Elections: September 24, 2022

New Zealand Local Elections: October 8, 2022

Vanuatu Snap Elections: October 13, 2022

Australia, Tasmania Local Elections: October 25, 2022

Timor-Leste Local Elections: October 2022 (due)

Fiji Parliamentary Elections: November 2022 (due)

Taiwan Local Elections: November 26, 2022

India, State Elections in Himachal Pradesh: November 2022 (due)

Australia, South Australia Local Elections; November 11, 2022

Australia, Victoria State Elections: November 26, 2022

India, State Elections in Gujarat: December 2022 (due)

India, State Elections in Tripura, Meghalaya, and Nagaland: February 2023 (due)

Thailand General Elections: By March 23, 2023 (earlier elections possible)

Australia, New South Wales State Elections: March 25, 2023

Micronesia Parliamentary Elections: March 7, 2023

Malaysia General Elections and State Elections: May 2023 (due – general elections likely to be called earlier)

India, State Elections in Karnataka: May 2023 (due)

Cambodia Parliamentary Elections: July 30, 2023 (due)

Burma Parliamentary Elections: By August 2023 (proposed – tentative, post-coup)

Maldives Presidential Election: September 2023 (due)

Tuvalu General Elections: September 2023 (due)

Singapore Presidential Election: September 2023 (expected – largely ceremonial role)

New Zealand General Elections: October 2023 (expected – due by January 2024)

Bhutan Parliamentary Elections: October 2023 (due)

India, State Elections in Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, and Mizoram: November 2023 (due)

Bangladesh Parliamentary Elections: December 2023 (due)

India, State Elections in Rajasthan and Telangana: December 2023 (due)

21votes does not necessarily agree with all of the opinions expressed in the linked articles; rather, our goal is to curate a wide range of voices. Furthermore, none of the individuals or organizations referenced have reviewed 21votes’ content. That is to say, their inclusion should not be taken to imply that they endorse us in any way. More on our approach here.

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