Moldova Presidential Election: November 1, 2020


A protest in Chisinau, Moldova in 2015. Photo credit: Wikimedia/Bertramz (CC BY-SA 3.0)

KEY FACTS
Freedom House Rating
Partly Free
Government Type
Parliamentary Republic
Population
3.4 million
UPCOMING ELECTIONS
Presidential Election
November 1, 2020
Parliamentary Elections
February 2023 (due – snap possible)
Local Elections
October 2023 (due)
PAST ELECTIONS
Local Elections
October 20, 2019
Parliamentary Elections
February 24, 2019
Presidential Election
November 13, 2016

Moldova will hold a presidential election on November 1, 2020. Parliament has set the date, although the current president has said it could be delayed if there is a second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Because Moldova’s political situation is volatile, snap parliamentary elections are also possible.

Political Context

Moldova sits at a geopolitical crossroads, and political debate has focused on whether to orient the country toward Europe or Russia. However, issues of corruption and state capture by oligarchs came to the forefront of Moldovan politics in 2019. Following inconclusive parliamentary elections last year, the pro-Europe center-right ACUM and the pro-Russia Socialists (PSRM) remarkably formed a surprise coalition government to oust oligarch Vladimir Plahotniuc’s Democratic Party and end months of deadlock. ACUM leader Maia Sandu became prime minister, and set out to reform Moldova’s institutions.

However, the coalition fell in November 2019 over disagreements over reforms in the space of rule of law – specifically, the question of whom to appoint as the country’s prosecutor-general. ACUM wanted an independent prosecutor who would hold government officials accountable, while PSRM wanted guarantees that their officials would be immune from prosecution. Ultimately, PSRM teamed up with Plahotniuc’s allies to oust Sandu and institute a pro-Russia government headed by PSRM loyalist Ion Chicu. However, members of parliament from the government bloc continue to defect to other parties, leaving Chicu with a slim majority, which he risks losing. Consequently snap elections are well within the realm of possibility.

Igor Dodon from PSRM is Moldova’s current president. He narrowly defeated Sandu in 2016 in a runoff. Dodon plans to run for re-election. His challengers include Andrei Nastase from the pro-European bloc. Because Moldova is a parliamentary republic, the president’s actual power is limited.

Geopolitical Context

Moldova sits on the front lines of geopolitical competition between Russia and the West. Russia instigated and continues to perpetuate a frozen conflict in the Moldova region of Transnistria, where 1,200 Russian troops are stationed – an obstacle to Moldova’s integration into Euro-Atlantic structures. Additionally, Transnistria’s rampant organized crime and corruption also threaten Moldova’s stability. Russia also stokes separatism in Gagauzia, a Turkic-speaking region of Moldova.

Curated News and Analysis

Madalin Necsutu, Balkan Insight (May 15, 2020): Chicu Risks Losing his Majority in Moldovan Parliament

The Economist (December 12, 2019): A pro-Western government has been pushed out in Moldova

Casey Michel, World Politics Review (February 6, 2020): How Moldova Is Slowly Freeing Itself From the Grip of Corrupt Oligarchs

Madalin Necsutu, Balkan Insight (July 24, 2019): Moscow’s Man Eyes Second Term as Moldova’s President

Updated May 26, 2020

21votes does not necessarily agree with all of the views in all of the linked articles or publications. More on our approach here.

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