Germany Baden-Württemberg and Rhineland-Palatinate State Elections: March 14, 2021, followed by other state elections and then Parliamentary Elections: September 26, 2021 (proposed)


Photo: Chancellor Angela Merkel speaking at a meeting of the European People’s Party (EPP), the center-right European party to which her Christian Democratic Union belongs. In addition to heading Germany’s government since 2005, Merkel is the de facto leader of Europe, and the upcoming elections in Germany are taking place in the context of her retirement. Photo credit: Flickr/European People’s Party (CC BY 2.0) https://bit.ly/3kJs3lA

KEY FACTS
Freedom House Rating

Free
Government Type
Federal Parliamentary Republic
Population
80.2 million
UPCOMING ELECTIONS
Federal Elections
Bundestag Elections
Due in Fall 2021 (September 26, 2021 has been proposed but not confirmed)Presidential Election (indirect)
By February 16, 2022 (due)State Elections
Baden-Württemberg and Rhineland-Palatinate State Elections
March 14, 2021
Saxony-Anhalt State Elections
June 6, 2021
Mecklenburg-West Pomerania and Berlin State Elections
Fall 2021 (due)
North Rhine-Westphalia, Saarland, and Schleswig-Holstein State Elections
Spring 2022 (expected)
Lower Saxony State Elections
Fall 2022 (expected)
Bremen State Elections
Spring 2023 (expected
Bavaria and Hesse State Elections
Fall 2023 (expected)
Brandenburg, Saxony, and Thuringia State Elections

Fall 2024 (expected)
Hamburg State Elections
Spring 2025 (expected)
PAST ELECTIONS
Federal Elections
Bundestag Elections
September 24, 2017Presidential Election (indirect)
February 12, 2017State Elections
Hamburg State Elections
February 23, 2020
Thuringia State Elections
October 27, 2019
Saxony and Brandenburg State Elections
September 1, 2019
Bremen State Elections
May 26, 2019
Hesse State Elections
October 28, 2018
Bavaria State Elections
October 14, 2018
Lower Saxony State Elections
October 17, 2017
North Rhine-Westphalia State Elections
March 26, 2017
North Rhine-Westphalia State Elections
May 17, 2017
North Rhine-Westphalia State Elections
May 14, 2017
Berlin State Elections
September 18, 2016
Mecklenburg-West Pomerania State Elections
September 4, 2016
Rhineland-Palatinate, Baden-Württemberg, and Saxony-Anhalt State Elections
March 13, 2016

The year 2021 will be a “Superwahljahr” (Super election year) in Germany. Several sets of state elections are due, as well as federal elections to the Bundestag, Germany’s parliament.

Germany’s 2021 Election Calendar

First, Baden-Württemberg and Rhineland-Palatinate hold state elections on March 14, 2021, and Saxony-Anhalt holds state elections on June 6, 2021. After that, Mecklenburg-West Pomerania and Berlin will likely hold state elections in fall 2021, although dates have not yet been set.

Finally, the entire country will vote in elections to the Bundestag, Germany’s parliament, which will determine the chancellor, who is head of government and wields most executive power. The president, who is head of state, is elected indirectly and plays a largely ceremonial role.

Political Context

In addition to COVID-19, these elections are taking place in the context of the retirement of Chancellor Angela Merkel, who has headed Germany’s government since 2005 and moreover is the de facto leader of the European Union. The current federal government is a “grand coalition” of Merkel’s center-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU), along with its Bavarian sister-party, the Christian Social Union (CSU), and the center-left Social Democratic Party (SPD).

State Elections in Germany

Germany has a federal system with 16 Länder (states) that each have their own constitution, parliament (Landtag) and state government. Although the states have autonomy over internal policy, they do not have their own tax authority. Moreover, political parties are quite centralized at the federal level.

Curated News and Analysis

DW (June 6, 2019): Germany’s political parties CDU, CSU, SPD, AfD, FDP, Left party, Greens – what you need to know

21votes does not necessarily agree with all of the opinions expressed in the linked articles; rather, our goal is to curate a wide range of voices. Furthermore, none of the individuals or organizations referenced have reviewed 21votes’ content. That is to say, their inclusion should not be taken to imply that they endorse us in any way. More on our approach here

Updated October 30, 2020

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