Slovakia Parliamentary Elections: February 29, 2020

Zuzana Čaputová casts her ballot in the second round of 2019 Slovak presidential election, which she ultimately won. Photo credit: Wikimedia/Slavomír Frešo (CC BY-SA 4.0)

Freedom House Rating

Government Type
Parliamentary Republic
5.4 million

Local Elections
November 2022 (due)
Presidential Elections
March 2024 (due)
Parliamentary Elections
February or March 2024

Parliamentary Elections
February 29, 2020
Presidential Elections
March 30, 2019
Local Elections
November 10, 2018

Political Context

Slovakia’s politics could be headed for a change following the murder nearly two years ago of journalist Jan Kuciak, who was investigating the ties between the ruling left-wing populist Smer-SD party and organized crime.

In June 2019, Zuzana Čaputová, a co-founder of the liberal pro-European Progressive Slovakia (established in 2017 and thus not yet represented in parliament), defeated her populist-backed opponent by a landslide to become Slovakia’s first female president. She ran on a platform of anti-corruption and stemming the rising tide of populism and nationalism. Former president Andrej Kiska in June 2019 launched a new political party to take on the ruling left-wing populist Smer-SD (Direction Social Democracy), which holds 48 seats in parliament and governs in coalition with the right-wing populist Slovak National Party (SNS) and center-right Most–Híd (Bridge). Kiska’s new party is projected enter parliament.

The rise of the neo-Nazi People’s Party-Our Slovakia (LSNS) – currently polling in second place – has troubled many, but the party will probably not get anywhere near government. Other parties consider it toxic and will not include it in their coalitions.

Update – March 2, 2020

The anti-corruption OLANO party – a member of the center-right European People’s Party – unexpectedly took first place, giving pro-democracy forces a burst of hope. OLANO defeated the incumbent populists. Furthermore, the neo-Nazis failed to make gains.

Political Context

Slovakia was part of Czechoslovakia until the 1993 “velvet divorce.” Slovakia joined both NATO and the European Union in 2004.

Curated News and Analysis


Miroslava German Sirotnikova and Marc Santora, New York Times (March 1, 2020): ‘Slovakia Has Woken Up’: Governing Party Suffers Decisive Election Defeat: The loss paves the way for a new governing coalition after the main opposition group ran a campaign under the slogan “Together Against the Mafia.”

BBC (March 1, 2020): The opposition Ordinary People party (OLaNO) has won a resounding victory in Slovakia’s parliamentary election on a wave of anti-corruption sentiment.


Tim Gosling, Foreign Policy (February 27, 2020): Slovakia Faces a Stark Choice: A historic murder trial ahead of parliamentary elections could boost liberal democratic forces over the populist ruling party.

Annabelle Timsit, Quartz (February 25, 2020): The rise of yet another neofascist party expands Europe’s populist reach

Miroslava German Sirotnikova, Balkan Insight (February 18, 2020): Slovak democracy seen at stake in make-or-break election

Updated February 28, 2020

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