Ghana Presidential and Parliamentary Elections: December 7, 2020


Voting in Ghana’s 2016 elections. Photo credit: U.S. Embassy in Ghana (public domain)

KEY FACTS
Freedom House Rating

Free
Government Type
Presidential Republic
Population
28.1 million
UPCOMING ELECTIONS
Presidential and Parliamentary Elections
December 7, 2020
Local Elections
December 2023 (due)
PAST ELECTIONS
Local Elections
December 17, 2019
Presidential and Parliamentary Elections
December 7, 2016

Ghana is scheduled to hold presidential and parliamentary elections on December 7, 2020.

Political Context

Ghana is often cited as a success story for democratic transition. In that vein, the two main political parties, the center-right New Patriotic Party (NPP) and center-left National Democratic Congress (NDC), have alternated stints in power since Ghana began holding multiparty elections. Moreover, although each party has bases of support in certain regions or ethnic groups, the parties define themselves by ideology and campaign on issues.

In the 2016 presidential polls, NPP’s Nana Akufo-Addo defeated incumbent John Mahama from the NDC following a contentious campaign. Eleven parties competed in the parliamentary elections, but only the NPP and the NDC won seats, with the NPP winning a majority.

The 2020 presidential election will be a rematch as the NPP has nominated Akufo-Addo for re-election and NDC has nominated Mahama. In fact, this will be their third consecutive match-up. Although party primaries were slightly delayed due to COVID-19, NPP held its primaries on June 20, 2020 to select parliamentary candidates.

Curated News and Analysis

Al Jazeera (June 28, 2020): Ghana ruling party nominates President Akufo-Addo for re-election: Akufo-Addo from New Patriotic Party will contest against former President John Mahama for the third consecutive time.

Michael Gyekye, Democracy in Africa: (February 6, 2020): 2020 Ghana Elections – Six Things to Watch before December 2020

Reuters (February 27, 2019): Ghana’s ex-President Mahama nominated to contest 2020 election

Updated June 28, 2020

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