Liberia Senate Elections: December 8, 2020

A voter in Monrovia during Liberia’s 2011 general elections. Photo credit: Flickr/Brittany Danisch (CC BY 2.0)

Freedom House Rating

Partly Free
Government Type
Presidential Republic
5.1 million

Senate Elections
December 8, 2020
General Elections (Presidential and House of Representatives)
October 2023

General Elections (Presidential and House of Representatives)
October 10, 2017
Senate Elections
December 20, 2014


Liberia is due to hold Senate elections on December 8, 2020 (postponed from October). Voters will elect half of the Senate (a total of 15 members) for nine-year terms. Each of Liberia’s 15 counties has two senators who serve staggered terms.

Political Context

In 2003, Liberia finally emerged from 14 years of fighting that left 250,000 people dead – 8 percent of the population. The 1997 election saw the victory of warlord Charles Taylor, whose campaign slogan was “He killed my ma, he killed my pa, but I’ll vote for him.” Taylor fled the country following the war, and was subsequently convicted of war crimes and crimes against humanity for his role in Sierra Leone’s civil war. For that reason, he is currently serving a 50-year sentence.

Following the war, Taylor’s 1997 opponent, former UN and World Bank official Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, won the 2005 presidential election, becoming the first female elected head of state in Africa.

During her tenure in office, Sirleaf secured the country’s peace – for which she won the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize – and focused on improving governance, infrastructure, and education. At the end of her second term, in 2017, she stepped down, honoring term limits, in contrast to some other African leaders.

The resulting 2017 election brought Liberia’s first peaceful transition of power since 1944. George Weah (whom Sirleaf had defeated in 2005) emerged the winner from a crowded field of 20 candidates. Weah’s running mate, Jewel Howard Taylor – Charles Taylor’s ex-wife – became vice president. While Sirleaf delivered stability and was a darling of the international community, concerns about economic stagnation and corruption led to the defeat of her center-right Unity Party’s candidate, former vice president Joseph Boakai, in the runoff.

Since Weah took office, the country has seen several rounds of anti-government protests.

Curated News and Analysis

E. J. Nathaniel Daygbor and Othello B. Garblah, The New Dawn/AllAfrica (November 8, 2020): Liberia: 2.4 Million to Vote in December Election

Simeon S. Wiakanty, Liberian Daily Observer (October 26, 2020): ‘Mid-Term Election Is a Test for Liberia’s Commitment to Peace’ — UN Resident Coordinator

David S. Menjor, Liberian Daily Observer (May 8, 2020): Mid-Term Senatorial Elections ‘Not Possible’ In October

Andrew Green, World Politics Review (January 10, 2020): In Liberia, Weah Faces Growing Protests Over a Sinking Economy

21votes does not necessarily agree with all of the opinions expressed in the linked articles; rather, our goal is to curate a wide range of voices. Furthermore, none of the individuals or organizations referenced have reviewed 21votes’ content, and their inclusion should not be taken to imply that they endorse us in any way. More on our approach here.

Updated November 14, 2020

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