Africa This Week: January 1, 2024

Africa elections this week January 1 2024

January 1, 2024

A voter in the Democratic Republic of Congo’s 2018 elections. Photo credit: Flickr/MONUSCO/John Bopengo (CC BY-SA 2.0)

Upcoming Africa Elections

South Africa General Elections: Spring 2024 (due)

Joseph Cotterill, Financial Times (January 1, 2024): South Africa’s opposition splinters in battle against ANC

Chad Presidential Election: October 2024 (due – delays possible)

Arab News (January 2, 2024): Chad appoints former opposition leader Masra as prime minister of transitional government

Moki Edwin Kindzeka, Voice of America (December 27, 2023): Chad’s President Pledges Respect of Referendum That Paves Way to Civilian Rule

Guinea Constitutional Referendum: Proposed

AFP (January 1, 2024): Guinea Junta Unveils Constitutional Referendum For 2024

Past Africa Elections

Democratic Republic of the Congo General Elections: December 20-24, 2023

David Pilling, Financial Times (December 31, 2023): Félix Tshisekedi wins second presidential term in Congo’s contested elections: Opposition claims electoral fraud and calls supporters on to the streets

Ngala Killian Chimtom, Crux (December 30, 2023): Congo cardinal blasts national elections as ‘gigantic, organized mess’

Zanem Nety Zaidi, Voice of America (December 28, 2023): Clashes Intensify in Eastern DRC as Nation Awaits Final Election Outcome

January 2024 Election Outlook

This month kicks off what The Economist calls the biggest election year in history.

Taiwan’s election will have the biggest geopolitical impact of all the elections due this month. Polls are close and Taiwanese voters are divided over how to respond to China’s increasing aggression.

Meanwhile, the United States presidential election kicks off with the Iowa caucuses and the New Hampshire primary. While the narrative says that Donald Trump has the Republican nomination in the bag, that result is far from guaranteed, and upsets in Iowa or New Hampshire could change the game. That would be a good thing as an overwhelming majority of Americans do not want a rematch between Trump and Joe Biden.

Bangladesh Parliamentary Elections: January 7, 2024

Somalia, Presidential Elections Puntland: January 8, 2023 (indirect – by parliament)

Bhutan Parliamentary Election Runoffs: January 9, 2024

Netherlands, Sint Maarten General Elections: January 11, 2024

Taiwan Presidential and Legislative Elections: January 13, 2024

Comoros Presidential Election: January 14, 2024

United States, Iowa Presidential Caucus: January 15, 2024

United States, New Hampshire Presidential Primary: January 23, 2024

Finland Presidential Election: January 28, 2024

Tuvalu Parliamentary Elections: January 28, 2024

Counting votes in Taiwan’s 2020 elections. Photo credit: Wikimedia/tenz1225 (CC BY-SA 2.0)

November 2023 Election Outlook

Moldova Local Elections: November 5, 2023

United States, Gubernatorial Elections in Kentucky and Mississippi, plus State Legislature Elections Virginia, Mississippi, and New Jersey, plus various local elections

India, State Elections in Mizoram and Chhattisgarh: November 7, 2023 (elections begin on November 7 and continue in stages)

Nigeria, Gubernatorial Elections in Bayelsa, Imo, and Kogi States: November 11, 2023

Liberia Presidenital Runoff: November 14, 2023

Canada, Territorial Elections in Northwest Territories: November 14, 2023

Madagascar Presidential Election: November 16, 2023

India, State Elections in Madhya Pradesh: November 17, 2023

Argentina Presidential Runoff: November 19, 2023

Switzerland Council of States (Upper House) Elections, First Round: November 19, 2023

Marshall Islands General Elections and Constitutional Referendum: November 20, 2023

Netherlands Snap Parliamentary Elections: November 22, 2023

India, State Elections in Rajasthan: November 25, 2023

Portugal Local Elections: November 26, 2023

India, State Elections in Telangana: November 30, 2023

A polling station in Argentina in 2019. Photo credit: Wikimedia/Frodar (CC BY-SA 4.0)

Europe This Week: August 2, 2023

August 2, 2023

A weekly review of news and analysis of elections in Europe, usually posted on Wednesdays and occasionally updated throughout the week.

The Alcalá Gate in Madrid, Spain. Photo credit: Wikimedia/Diego Delso (CC BY-SA 4.0)

Upcoming Europe Elections

Germany, Hesse and Bavaria State Elections: October 8, 2023 (next federal election by October 2025)

Ben Knight, DW (July 31, 2023): German intel: AfD taken over by extremist factions

Hans von der Burchard, Politico (July 30, 2023): German far right picks EU lead candidate, wants European anti-migrant ‘fortress’

Reuters (July 29, 2023): Thousands protest against Germany’s far-right AfD party

DW (July 28, 2023 – video): Germany’s far-right AfD expected to make gains in Bavaria

Bulgaria Local Elections: October 29, 2023

Sofia Globe (July 29, 2023): Bulgaria to hold 2023 municipal and mayoral elections on October 29

Poland Parliamentary and Local Elections: November 11, 2023 (due – earlier elections possible)

DW (August 1, 2023): Poland’s far-right Confederation party set to be kingmaker

Wojciech Kośč, Politico (July 27, 2023): Outcry in Poland after claims that prosecutors drained cesspit in abortion probe: Reproductive rights dominate pre-election debate in Poland after reports of law enforcement targeting women for suspected abortions.

Finland Presidential Election: January 28, 2024

YLE News (July 28, 2023): Presidential election campaign period officially begins; Aaltola to announce decision next week

European Union, European Parliament Elections: June 6-9, 2024

 Nicholas Vinocur and Suzanne Lynch, Politico (August 2, 2023): The Schemer: Macron’s man is plotting to run the EU

Eddy Wax, Politico (July 28, 2023): European Parliament set to grow by 15 MEPs in 2024: France, Spain and the Netherlands set to get two more seats each in next mandate.

North Macedonia General Elections: Due in 2024 (early elections possible)

Reuters (July 30, 2023): Ethnic Albanian party in North Macedonia offers deal to clear the way to join EU

Past Europe Elections

Spain General Elections: July 23, 2023

Joan Faus, Reuters (August 2, 2023): Catalan kingmaker tells Spain’s Sanchez not to take support for granted

David Cutts and Paul Kennedy, London School of Economics (July 31, 2023): Is Spain heading for another general election?

Barney Jopson, Financial Times (July 31, 2023): Madrid’s Isabel Díaz Ayuso boosted as leader-in-waiting by right’s election setback

Aitor Hernández-Morales, Politico (July 29, 2023): Spain election repeat more likely after expat vote count: Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez’s already narrow path to a new administration just became trickier.

Italy General Elections: September 25, 2023

James Rothwell, The Telegraph (July 30, 2023): Italy intends to leave ‘atrocious’ partnership with China

China’s Malign Influence

Shannon Thaler, New York Post (July 27, 2023): TikTok has been pushing Chinese propaganda to millions of users in Europe: analysis

Europe Elections Coming Up in 2023

Latvia Indirect Presidential Election (by parliament): May 31, 2023

Norway Local Elections: September 11, 2023

Slovakia Snap Parliamentary Elections: September 30, 2023 (proposed – requires parliament to change constitution to allow)

Germany, Hesse and Bavaria State Elections: October 8, 2023

Luxembourg General Elections: October 8, 2023

Switzerland Federal Parliamentary Elections: October 22, 2023

Bulgaria Local Elections: October 29, 2023

Finland, Åland Elections: October 2023 (due)

Portugal, Regional Elections in Madeira: October 2023 (due)

Poland Parliamentary and Local Elections (due – earlier elections possible): November 11, 2023

Spain General Elections: December 10, 2023 (due – early elections possible)

Switzerland Indirect Presidential Election (by parliament): December 12, 2023

Andorra Local Elections: December 2023 (due)

21votes does not necessarily agree with all of the opinions expressed in the linked articles; rather, our goal is to curate a wide range of voices. Furthermore, none of the individuals or organizations referenced have reviewed 21votes’ content. That is to say, their inclusion should not be taken to imply that they endorse us in any way. More on our approach here.

Middle East

August 1, 2023

A weekly review of news and analysis of elections in the greater Middle East and North Africa, usually posted on Tuesdays and occasionally updated throughout the week.

The Pakistan Monument in Islamabad, which is meant to symbolize the unity of Pakistani people who come from various ethnic and linguistic backgrounds. Photo credit: Wikimedia/Yaarahmadd (CC BY-SA 4.0)

Ongoing Middle East Elections

Lebanon Indirect Presidential Election (by parliament): Continuing

Lebanon’s fractious parliament is in the process of selecting a president. As part of Lebanon’s sectarian power-sharing system, the president is always a Maronite Christian (and conversely, a Sunni serves as prime minister and a Shi’ite as speaker of the parliament). 

The last parliamentary elections took place in May 2022 in the context of a political and economic crisis exacerbated by the August 2020 explosion in the port of Beirut. In those elections, Hezbollah and its allies lost their majority in parliament, and a number of independents won seats. 

The fragmented parliament has not been able to pick a new president, leaving a vacuum following the end of Michel Aoun’s term in October 2022. 

Maya Gebeily at Reuters notes: “The leadership crisis reflects divisions among the ruling elite that has been unable to install a president or fully empowered cabinet for over a year, while leaving the financial crisis to fester, largely unaddressed, since 2019.” 

Maya Gebeily, Reuters (July 28, 2023): Lebanon’s central bank faces uncertainty without appointment of new governor

Upcoming Middle East Elections

Pakistan General Elections: By November 10, 2023 (early elections possible)

Pakistan is due to hold elections later this year amid political turmoil and multiple crises. Shweta Sharma at The Independent says: “Analysts say there are hopes that the election can bring an end to a period of deep political uncertainty since [former PM Imran] Khan was ousted in a vote of no confidence, as well as install a government with the mandate to tackle one of South Asia’s worst economic crises, exacerbated by last year’s devastating floods.”

Shweta Sharma, The Independent (August 1, 2023): Fears of more political violence as Pakistan prepares for elections – with or without Imran Khan

AP (July 31, 2023): Pakistan buries dead after 54 killed in a bombing at pro-Taliban cleric’s election rally

Anwarullah Khan and Riaz Khan at the AP note: “The bombing came hours before Chinese Vice Premier He Lifeng arrived in Islamabad, where he signed new agreements to boost trade and economic ties to mark a decade of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, a sprawling package under which China has invested $10 billion in Pakistan over 10 years, according to Sharif.”

AP (July 31, 2023): IS Behind Pro-Taliban Election Rally Bombing in Pakistan

Adnan Aamir, Nikkei Asia (July 26, 2023): Imran Khan tells Pakistan’s military to stay out of politics as election nears

Iraq Regional Elections: December 18, 2023

Sinan Mahmoud at The National notes: “After the 2003 US-led invasion that toppled Saddam Hussein’s regime, parliamentary and provincial council elections were introduced as the main pillar for democracy. Provincial councils play a vital role as the sub-national legislative authority, as well as devising localized development plans.”

Sinan Mahmoud, The National UAE (July 30, 2023): Iraq’s electoral commission extends party registration deadline for provincial polls

Palestinian Authority General Elections: Long Overdue

Palestinian Authority elections are long overdue. President Mahmoud Abbas is currently in year 18 of a four-year term. Elections were finally scheduled in 2021, but canceled at the last minute. 

In 2007, Hamas gained control of Gaza, leading to a rift between it and the Palestinian Authority, headquartered in the West Bank and led by Abbas’s Fatah party. 

Neville Teller, Jerusalem Post (August 1, 2023): Is unity between Hamas and the Palestinian Authority possible?

Qassam Muaddi, The New Arab (July 31, 2023): Why breaking the deadlock in Palestinian politics remains elusive

Al Jazeera (July 30, 2023): Palestinian rival governments form ‘reconciliation committee’: In latest attempt at reconciliation, Mahmoud Abbas and Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh have met for rare face-to-face talks in Egypt.

Past Middle East Elections

Turkey General Elections: May 14, 2023

Kristina Jovanovski, The Media Line (July 30, 2023): Turkey’s constitutional conundrum: Erdogan’s ‘libertarian’ pledge raises alarm bells: The Turkish president’s desire to replace the post-coup constitution fuels concerns about autocracy and civil liberties

Martin Makaryan, Inkstick Media (July 28, 2023): Turkey’s Young People Wonder What’s Next As Erdoğan Starts Another Term

Regional Analysis

Joost Hiltermann, Foreign Affairs (August 1, 2023): Is the Middle East’s Makeover a Mirage?

Middle East Elections Coming Up in 2023

Lebanon Indirect Presidential Election (by parliament): ongoing

United Arab Emirates Federal National Council Elections (indirect elections, advisory body with limited powers): October 7, 2023

Israel Local Elections: October 31, 2023

Pakistan General Elections: By November 10, 2023 (early elections possible)

Oman Consultative Assembly Elections (advisory body with limited power): October 2023 (due)

Iraq Regional Elections: December 18, 2023

Kurdistan (Iraq) Presidential and Parliamentary Elections: November 18, 2023 (delays possible)

21votes does not necessarily agree with all of the opinions expressed in the linked articles; rather, our goal is to curate a wide range of voices. Furthermore, none of the individuals or organizations referenced have reviewed 21votes’ content. That is to say, their inclusion should not be taken to imply that they endorse us in any way. More on our approach here.